Spreadsheets vs. Property Management Software: A Balancing Act for Landlords and Property Managers in 2024

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For many property managers and landlords in the US, Microsoft Excel (MS Excel) spreadsheets have been the tried-and-true method for managing real estate finances. However, with the growing complexity of the rental market and an increasing number of properties under professional management (over 11.6 million units, according to the National Apartment Association), the question arises: Are spreadsheets still the best option in 2024?

This blog post will explore the pros and cons of using spreadsheets to manage real estate properties, helping you decide if it fits your needs.

The Allure of Spreadsheets: Familiarity and Flexibility


  • Free and readily available: Most computers come pre-loaded with MS Excel or similar spreadsheet software, making it a readily available and cost-effective option.
  • Customization: Spreadsheets offer a high degree of customization. You can design your own templates and formulas to track specific data points relevant to your needs.
  • Basic functionality: Spreadsheets can be sufficient for tracking rent payments and expenses and generating simple reports for small portfolios with basic accounting needs.


  • Prone to errors: Manual data entry in spreadsheets leaves room for human error. Typos and formula mistakes can lead to inaccurate financial records and costly consequences.
  • Limited scalability: As your portfolio grows, spreadsheets become cumbersome. Managing numerous properties and complex data sets can quickly become unwieldy and time-consuming.
  • Lack of automation: Spreadsheets require manual data entry for every task, leading to a significant time investment. There’s no automation for rent collection, reminders, or reports.
  • Security concerns: Spreadsheets lack the robust security features in dedicated property management software. Sensitive tenant information and financial data can be vulnerable.

Property Management Software: A Feature-Rich Powerhouse


  • Streamlined property management: Dedicated software offers a comprehensive suite of tools designed specifically for managing real estate. These tools include online applications, tenant screening, rent collection with online payments, maintenance management, and detailed financial reports with real-time data access.
  • Improved efficiency and automation: Features like automated rent reminders, lease renewals, and communication with tenants save valuable time and reduce manual workload.
  • Enhanced security: Property management software prioritizes data security with features like role-based access control and robust encryption, protecting your sensitive data.
  • Scalability for growth: These programs are designed to scale with your business. As you add more properties, the software can handle the increased workload efficiently.


  • Learning curve: Compared to spreadsheets, dedicated software can have a steeper learning curve, especially for those unfamiliar with the features and functionalities specific to property management software.
  • Cost considerations: Dedicated software comes with a price tag. However, the time savings and long-term benefits can outweigh the initial cost.

The Bottom Line: Spreadsheets vs. Software – A Balancing Act

Spreadsheets can be a good starting point for managing a small portfolio with basic needs. However, as your business grows in complexity, the limitations of spreadsheets become evident. Dedicated property management software offers a more robust, secure, and time-saving solution for professional landlords and property managers in the US.

The key is to weigh the pros and cons based on your specific circumstances:

  • Portfolio size and complexity: Dedicated software is a better fit for larger or complex portfolios.
  • Technical expertise: If you’re comfortable with spreadsheets and have a small portfolio, spreadsheets might be manageable.
  • Budget: Consider the upfront cost of software against potential time savings and long-term benefits.

Ultimately, the best choice empowers you to manage your real estate business efficiently, save time, and maximize profits.

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